سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۳

محل انتشار: کنفرانس بین المللی اقتصاد، حسابداری، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۳

نویسنده(ها):

Abbasali Abounoori – Assistant Professor of Economics, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN

چکیده:

Drought is a random characteristic of natural phenomena, drought about by the irregular deficit or shortage of available water, affects injuriously the plant growth and reduces their yield. Drought is not a physical but a biological phenomenon and should, be defined separately for each plant species and environment .To estimate the intensity and frequency of drought will help to reduce the injurious effect of drought.In this study we used the water-budget methods and Thornthwaite’s aridity index and its standard deviation for Tehran city of Iran during 1951-2013 to show the frequency and intensity of drought effects in this place. The result shows during this period this place is faced 32 times different type of drought on the five time disastrous and from the years of 2000 its severity and intensity is increased so far 2011 and 2012 the station is affected disastrous drought.