سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۳

محل انتشار: پانزدهمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۵

نویسنده(ها):

Mohammad Taghi Taghizadeh – University of Tabriz, Faculty of chemistry, Department of physical chemistry, Tabriz, Iran
Reza Abdollahi – University of Tabriz, Faculty of chemistry, Department of physical chemistry, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده:

The degradation of amylose (a natural carbohydrate polymer) by means of ultrasound irradiation at a frequency of 24 kHz and its combination with heterogeneous ZnO, followed by a photocatalytical process was investigated. A method of viscometry was used to study the degradation behaviour and a kinetic model was developed to estimate the degradation rate constant. The ultrasound power not only led to enhanced turbulence and liquid streaming, but also increased the active surface area. Therefore, ZnO sonophotocatalysis was carried out faster than sonolysis and sonocatalysis processes. The influence of the basic operational parameters such as, ultrasound power and amount of ZnO on the degradation rate of amylose was also studied. The results revealed that the extent of sonolytic degradation was increased with increasing of ultrasound power (in the range 30–80 W) and at higher catalyst concentration, the degradation rate in the solution soared. The degraded amylose was characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).